Some 2000 years after the first farming community on Windmill
Hill, the building of Avebury began. It was the descendants of the Windmill
Hill people who created the complex at Avebury, their ancestors having created
the long barrow at West Kennet.
There are many suggestions as to why that particular site was chosen
but it seems likely that it was for a number of reasons. The area was
already well populated, was a lowland plain bounded by the Marlborough
downs, along the top of which ran the Ridgeway. With Windmill Hill to
the north west, water to the south in the form of the rising River Kennet
and in addition important burial sites in the surrounding area, the most
notable of which is West Kennet longbarrow, it is hardly surprising that
it was ideal.
The Avebury temple was in active use for about 700 years. Towards the
end of this period (c.2000BC) began the mammoth task of collecting the
huge sarsen stones which were used for the construction of Stonehenge.
From London, take the M4 Motorway West bound. At Junction 15 take the exit
marked Marlborough. Follow the road until you enter this pretty market town,
then take a right turn at the first roundabout. This will take you through
the High Street and to another mini-roundabout. Take another right here,
and you are on the A4, Bath Road. After some four or five miles you will
approach a roundabout, take the third exit, and follow the signs.
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You may walk about the circle at any time of the day or night.
You may not be alone......
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